State Adoption: This adoption occurs when a child enters the foster care system as the result of abuse or neglect and is made permanent court or state wards either through voluntary or non-voluntary termination of parental rights. With these adoptions the foster parent may be the best adoption option for the child or adoption by a relative might be in the child’s best interest. An adoption worker is assigned to the child to assess the child’s needs and best interests. Children available for adoption without an adoptive home are photo listed and can be viewed at Mare.org
Private Adoption Program: Placement of an infant occurs as soon as legally possible and preferably within the first few days of life. Michigan’s Adoption Code does allow for temporary placement of an infant in a selected adoptive home when there is an approved pre-placement assessment and the prospective adoptive parents are residents of Michigan (MCL 710.23d (1)(c)(iv), 710.23f. Family Counseling and Children’s Services is committed to the concept of openness in adoption. In the case of a private adoption, the extent of openness
prior to the birth of the child will be determined by the birth parent(s). Birth
parents will determine whether to meet the adoptive parents. Once an adoption is complete any degree of openness will be determined by the adoptive parents.
Designated Adoptions (Direct Placement adoption): A designated adoption, where the parties know each other, is another type of adoption that could involve an infant or older child. It is a voluntary release by the birth parent(s) to a specific family picked to raise their child. The adoptive family may or may not already have a home study. If not, the agency will complete the assessment and provide the full range of services customarily established for infant adoptions.
Birth Parent Services: If a birth parent expresses a desire to consent to adoption for their child the adoption worker shall discuss with them their rights, ramifications and consequences of their decision to release. The adoption worker shall discuss with them the adoption process (program statement, policies and procedures), services and resources available (including counseling).
Legal Representation: Adoptive and birth parents have the right to obtain independent legal representation when adopting a state ward child or an infant released voluntarily for adoption by the birth parents. Legal fees are separate from the agency’s fees in infant adoptions and are paid for by the adoptive parents.